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Skibirds begin 21st year of support to South Pole research 
Around The Guard 
A ski equipped LC-130 Hercules 
A ski equipped LC-130 Hercules takes off from Stratton Air National Guard Base in Schenecatdy New York. The 109th Airlift Wing sends seven aircraft on the 11.000 mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Scotia New York. (Photo by Master Sgt. Willie Garza, New York National Guard)
By Lt. Col. Ellen Krenke, National Guard Bureau 

SCOTIA, N.Y. -- The New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing kicked off its 21st year of support for Antarctic research today, as two ski-equipped LC-130s roared off the runway here bound for the South Pole.

“Today we’re taking one of the first planes down to Antarctica,” said Lt. Col. George Alston, aircraft commander. “We will fly to California then to Hawaii then to Pago Pago, where the recent tsunami was. From there, we’ll go to New Zealand, and from there to Antarctica, where we’ll start the Operation Deep Freeze season.”

The 109th's ski-equipped LC-130s will fly in support of National Science Foundation research across the Antarctic as part of Operation Deep Freeze, the U.S. Military’s logistical support for Antarctic research.

This season brings a lot of firsts for the crews. The early deploying aircraft will support the National Science Foundation’s Western Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide Ice Core project. This project involves drilling ice cores to establish a climate and greenhouse gas history for the southern hemisphere.

The 109th will also support Australia's Casey Antarctic Station on Wilke Island for the first time.

One aircraft carried a crevasse detection radar that will also be used in Antarctica for the first time.

“We’re hoping that with the radar is a faster turnaround in the amount of time to check on a site,” said Capt. Daniel Marchegiani, co-pilot.

“The radar will determine where the crevasses are and we’ll be able to put scientists into that location much sooner than having to wait a whole year. Safety is always the first and most important thing," he said. "Being able to see where these things are before we touch down on the snow or before we even attempt to try and get into a different area of the continent is extremely paramount to what we do.”

Maj. Joseph DeConno, the chief of Antarctic Operations, said in the middle of the season, crews will be going from using two runways to single-airfield operations.

“It’s an aggressive schedule where we’re testing a new concept of single-airfield operations, which we haven’t done in previous seasons,” he said. “The second half of the season, we’re moving all operations out to Pegasus Field for the first time and not using Willie Field. We’re optimistic we’ll do it safely and crews, as usual, will do their best to get the job done.”

The 109th Airlift Wing, the only unit in the U.S. military equipped with ski landing gear, has provided airlift support for the National Science Foundation’s South Pole research since 1988. Since 1999 the unit has been the sole provider of this type of airlift to the National Science Foundation and U.S.-Antarctic research efforts.

In 1999, a crew from the 109th Airlift Wing made a daring rescue of Dr. Jerri Nielsen, a staff member at the Amundson-Scott Station at the South Pole, who was suffering from breast cancer. An LC-130 from the wing landed in bitter cold, far earlier in the season than they normally fly, to retrieve the doctor.

In 2008, another 109th LC-130 rescued an Australian researcher, who had broken his leg in an accident and flew him to Hobart, Australia from Antarctica.